The ongoing tensions between Armenia and Azerbaijan, particularly around the disputed Nagorno-Karabakh region, have created a backdrop for the use of Pegasus spyware, targeting various individuals including politicians, activists, and journalists.

Apple Warns Armenians of State-Sponsored Hacking Attempts

Apple has sent warnings to individuals in Armenia that their phones are being targeted by state-sponsored hackers, potentially linked to the Pegasus spyware. CyberHUB, a digital rights organization in Armenia, has reported an increase in spyware infections, with many linked to the government of Azerbaijan. The spyware is believed to have been installed during the conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan in 2020. While the true extent of the hacks is difficult to determine, targets have included politicians, activists, journalists, and editors. Pegasus has also been used to target individuals in Poland, Spain, Greece, and Russia. The use of Pegasus spyware by several countries has been called potentially illegal by the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe.

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